Friday was a remarkable day for students of the market’s internal strength, aka “market breadth.” The Nasdaq 100 (NDX), powered by a 16% surge in Google, was up 1.45% even though declining stocks outnumbered advancing stocks by 50. This has never happened on a day the NDX gained over 1%, not even close. According to Jason Goepfert of SentimenTrader, breadth was negative only three other times in history. One of those days was March 23, 2000 – right at the top of the Nasdaq bubble!
Year-to-date, the Wilshire 5000 (a measure of market capitalization of 5000 companies) has added $751 billion in market cap, a 3.5% gain. By our measure, 10 companies have accounted for $471 billion, or 63% of those gains. The top 5 have a combined market cap of $1.489 trillion – 6.6% of the Wilshire 5000 – and accounted for 52% of the ytd gains.
- Apple: $113 billion, +18.4% ytd
- Google: $107 billion, +31.8%
- Amazon.com: $81 billion, +55.6%
- Facebook: $48 billion, +21.7%
- Gilead Sciences: $38 billion, +25.9%
- Netflix: $29 billion, +135.2%
- Celgene: $18 billion, +20.3%
- Biogen: $15 billion, +19.2%
- Regeneron Pharmaceuticals: $15 billion, +34.5%
- Tesla Motors: $7 billion, +23.5%
Further, biotechnology stocks make up 3% of the S&P 500 by market cap yet account for 15% of the year’s gains. Meanwhile, the Dow Jones Transportation and Utility Averages are 12.5% and 11.9% below their 52 week highs respectively, even though the Dow Jones Industrials Average is within 1.4% of an all-time high.
As legendary market watcher Bob Farrell warned, narrowing leadership is typical of the late stages of a bull market. This phenomenon is even more pronounced during the blowoff stage of a financial bubble. We call this the “casino effect.” Gamblers, addicted to winning over a long period, refuse to leave the casino even though several tables are coming up snake eyes. Instead they gravitate to the diminishing number of winning tables. Regarding the stock market, this is a classic sign of denial. The losing tables are in essence early warning signs, stocks succumbing to deteriorating economic fundamentals. Yet speculators ignore the red lights and fail to connect the increasingly obvious dots. At the end the investing crowd feels it is in control and their favorite stocks are immune to macro factors.
Apple is a good example. In Q1, China revenue grew 71% and accounted for 29% of the total. At what point do the troubles in China affect Apple, the beloved stock of retail investors and the biggest weighting in index funds? We could get some clues this Tuesday after the close when they report Q2 earnings.